Author Collectives and Co-ops: What They Are and How to Start One

writers cooperatives

Note from Jane: Today’s guest post is by author Ursula Wong.


The combination of independent publishing and the broad use of social media has provided many ways for writers to produce books and engage with readers, but it has also forced writers to do more than just write.

Editing, formatting manuscripts, organizing book launches, maintaining a social media presence, and more, have become the writer’s responsibility. Publishing services can reduce the amount of work an author must do to produce a book, but they can be pricey. Critique groups or workshops can reduce editing cost, but may not find systemic issues in novels.

Author collectives (or co-ops) offer another path. While collectives require an author’s time and energy as well, and have their own limitations, writers’ collectives that apply business principles may offer authors an advantage in quality, cost control, and marketing.

Typically, author collectives are groups of writers who meet for the purposes of workshops, education, and networking. Some require members to pay yearly fees, and some, like the New Hampshire Writers’ Project, have a board that arranges events and provides services to the community.

In a business-based author collectives, members share the work needed to edit, produce, and market their books. Members focus on mutual success. They pool their resources and time to undertake the editing, formatting, and promotion of books created by individual writers or by several authors who are writing a book together. They may have an associated publishing company, or members may publish independently.

A business-based author collective achieve synergy from many people working on each book and each bringing his or her unique skill set to the production process. Sharing the editing work saves money, and marketing reach is broader than any one person could easily achieve, resulting in more sales potential.

For example, one member of The Storyside, a business-based authors’ collective, used Facebook advertising to promote a new book, and achieved about 250 Facebook “likes” in two days. That number doubled when members also promoted the book through personal channels, ultimately reaching about 14,000 users, far more than any one person could have reached on their own.

Some groups that employ the principles of the business-based authors’ collective are the Book View Café (BVC), the Writers Co-op of the Pacific Northwest, and The Storyside.

BVC, a cooperative publisher, started in 2008 and has fifty members. Writers manage the production and marketing of their own books while leveraging resources of the organization to create ebook formats, boost social media announcements, and so on. BVC offers an impressive catalogue of competitively priced titles and most of the retail price goes to the author. New members have typically published traditionally, and offer specific skills to the organization. BVC has grown into a mainstream publisher for member authors, offering over 100 books a year.

The Writers Co-op of the Pacific Northwest started in 2015, and has over 30 authors who share resources within the group for editing, assistance with query letters, layout, marketing, and more. Their focus includes building communities on social media, cover design, and improving Amazon ratings. Individual writers must choose their own publishers, but the co-op assists by working with local bookstores to promote member offerings.

The Storyside consists of 5 writers who have published both traditionally and independently. Members focus on controlling costs, providing quality books, and experimenting with marketing techniques such as seasonal book sales, online advertising, and book events. The Storyside has an associated publishing company for its members.

Even with its advantages, business-based authors’ collective may not be the right solution for everyone, since they take time away from writing. Others may be skeptical about the success of collaborative efforts, and avoid them fearing that the work expended outweighs the benefit. Members must manage this problem.

Suggestions for Joining or Starting Your Own Author Collective

Organize. Determine yearly objectives and deliverables. Decide short-term and long-term goals. Create plans, schedules, and a budget.

Plan. Create a production plan and a contingency plan for each book, and track progress. How will you overcome delays if a member cannot do their work for some unforeseen reason? Will you divide the work or delay the schedule? What happens to the rest of the manuscripts in the pipeline?

Choose a leader. One person needs the authority to finalize schedules, keep the group focused, and mediate decisions, such as a shift in goals.

Discuss roles and responsibilities. Members will have different skills, although minimally, each should have editing experience. Be aware of inequities. A good copyeditor may spend an inordinate amount of time preparing a manuscript for publication, especially when that person is responsible for copyediting every book in the pipeline. If this happens, discuss solutions such as adding another member with the required skill, hiring temporary help, sharing the work, and so on.

Discuss problem escalation. Expect disputes between members, for commitment may wane because of outside obligations, and creative people may disagree about a change in direction. Discuss how to mediate differences.

Determine how to grow. Decide how to find and vet new members. Is there a probationary period? Does the collective need a person with a particular skill? Discuss soft traits such as enthusiasm, ability to “fit in,” and shared goals.

Discuss the possibility of downsizing. Members may choose to leave for various reasons, or a problem could arise, prompting the group to ask a member to resign. Minimally, set the expectation that new people may join and others may leave.

Try new things. Experiment with anything that sparks the creative interest of members. Track web traffic, social media access, and sales to judge reader interest.

Note the synergies. The benefits of collaboration can be significant. The social media reach extends significantly when every member participates in promoting a book. Writers who edit others’ work become better writers. Writers committed to the success of each book create better books. Expertise can shift over time, ultimately leveling the work and creating a stronger base of experience.

Celebrate success. Finding people willing to put time and effort into helping each other succeed is a gift. Cherish it and repay the kindness.

Fundamentally, an author collective rooted in business principles are still creative people working together on shared projects. Expect problems. Solve them together. Talk. Try to stay close. Review goals and refresh commitment regularly in order to keep the team focused and excited, and to help ensure success.


Note from Jane: This post is written by a member of The Storyside, a business-based author collective centered in New England. Learn more about its members at its website.

Posted in Guest Post, Marketing & Promotion and tagged , , , , .

Ursula Wong

Ursula Wong grew up on a dairy farm in central Massachusetts, and went on to become a high tech engineer. Her stories have appeared in a number of magazines, including Everyday Fiction and Spinetingler. She is a regional winner of the flash fiction contest sponsored by the New Hampshire Writer’s Project, and leads their Nashua chapter. Her debut novel, Purple Trees, is the story of a naïve girl who must grow up fast to find work and build a future, but the weight of the past threatens everything she loves. Visit Ursula’s popular Reaching Readers Blog at her website.

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11 Comments on "Author Collectives and Co-ops: What They Are and How to Start One"

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[…] Writers' consortiums can help independent authors gain an advantage in quality, cost control, and marketing.  […]

Liz Alexander

Very cool idea, Jane. I’m interested in teaming up with a small quality press who can handle the printing and distribution (and possibly some of the marketiing) of my own and client books. I already have a superb cover artist/interior layout person and someone in India who does my graphics. But I’m not an operations person and don’t want to get involved in publishing or fulfillment/distribution. Do you know of any publishers that engage with consultants like me to collaborate on book projects? Many thanks (and long time no speak), Liz.

Robin Mizell

If your readers are interested: a haphazard list of about three dozen writers’ collectives around the world.

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[…] Source: Writers’ Consortiums and Co-ops: What They Are and How to Start One | Jane Friedman […]

Dale Phillips

Great piece- lots to think about here, and practical information.

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[…] Writers’ Consortiums and Co-ops (Jane Friedman) The combination of independent publishing and the broad use of social media has provided many ways for writers to produce books and engage with readers, but it has also forced writers to do more than just write. […]

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[…] working together can often accomplish more than writers working alone. Ursala Wong discusses writers’ consortiums and co-ops: what they are and how to start […]

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[…] Friedman offers great advice about author collectives and co-ops and how to start one here. And if you’d like to visit a co-op in the Puget Sound area to see what it’s like, check […]

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[…] help in this area, it may be worth considering joining an author collective or co-op. According to Jane Friedman, “Typically, author collectives are groups of writers who meet for the purposes of […]

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[…] If this option piques your interest, the articles The Rise of the Author Collective and Author Collectives and Co-ops: What They Are and How to Start One are great places to get more […]

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